Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Cystic Fibrosis Community Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Cystic Fibrosis Community Assessment - Essay Example a) Sex and Age: This is a heterogeneous network including the two guys and females in practically equivalent proportions. Greater part of the individuals are grown-ups and are hitched. b) Income levels: Most people in this network are in the white collar class and lower class. Many live inside $10 a day.c) Occupations: With a couple of exemptions of office employments, over 60% of the average workers classifications do the industrial employments. Be that as it may, most ladies are just house-wives.d) Educational levels: Most grown-ups of the age over 50 years have basic instruction, particularly the ladies. The young people are very learned and most are in colleges.e) Ethnic characters: Ethnically, this network is genuinely heterogeneous. Half of the populace is made out of the Whites. The following ale ethnic is Hispanic Americans. The Asian-Americans are the least. f) Family structures: Most families are atomic; a couple are broadened. Be that as it may, single parent homes compris ing of widows and unmarried moms are very commong) Lifestyle practices that impact wellbeing status: Poor dietary patterns by most people experiencing Cystic Fibrosis have consistently intensified their conditions by touching off Diabetes. The adolescents who take part in medication and substance misuse and unprotected sex likewise hazard genuine wellbeing problems.h) Health status: The predominance of Cystic Fibrosis has rendered the vast majority sicki) Health concerns: It is in every case difficult for the lay network to distinguish the manifestations of CF, in this manner, languish over an a significant long time before finding.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Society Comparison Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Society Comparison Paper - Essay Example It should be understood that right now all social orders of the world are doing combating with the Environmental concerns. While Orkney Society can be delegated a â€Å"surviving† society, it all things considered has its own arrangement of concerns and extemporizations that can improve its natural conditions. All things considered, interestingly with Norse Greenland Society, Orkney society without a doubt lives. The Orkney and Greenland social orders both have a place with the Viking provinces of North Atlantic. Orkney endure though Greenland saw its death after a period range of 450 years. Four significant ecological elements have been perceived for this distinction of destiny of the two social orders; sea removes among Norway and Britain, opposition offered by non-Viking occupants of the locale, reasonableness for agrarian creations and natural delicacy as far as soil disintegration and deforestation (Diamond). Orkney is a mainland Island, encompassed by water from its nort hern tip. It end up being the maritime base for British powers in both universal wars. Regarding natural concerns, Orkney has investigated every possibility in its endeavor to give a superior expectation for everyday comforts to its inhabitants. At present, the Orkney Islands Council’s Environmental Health Team is liable for recognizing and conceiving potential answers for any action that represents a hazard to the wellbeing and prosperity of the residents (Orkney Islands Council). Training and mindfulness is being spread about the ecological concerns and methods of handling it. At present, all occupants of Orkney Islands are qualified for quality air, air, water, soil, land and scene just as elements influencing the nature of these (Orkney Islands Council). Ecological protection has been the Orkney’s essential concern. Then again, Norse Greenland was normally inadequate in assets like metallic components, and was additionally unequipped for investigation because of th e nonattendance of boats and labor. It was attacked by the Vikings during 1200 AD. Conflicts between the Natives and the Vikings (called Innuits) didn't permit harmony to be built up in the area. Greenland was additionally unequipped for advancing horticultural exercises in their area because of the outrageous atmosphere. This had made the individuals of Greenland relocate out of the locale as the Climate changed drastically. The ebb and flow climatic change would now be able to be experimentally ascribed to Global Warming, which likewise caused the ascent of water tables (Karen). Greenland couldn't rehearse ecological preservation, mostly because of common inadequacies and incompletely for the benefit of their unforgiving climatic conditions and Viking colonization. Consequently the Norse Greenland society fallen following a simple 450 years of edgy endurance. The vitality assets for Greenland are not plainly recorded, however the course of events recommends these assets would not have been â€Å"green† energizes. Then again, Orkney has built up an Environmental concerns organization by the name of ECO, which attempts to make everything condition amicable †from fills to reusing and so on. The vitality hotspots for Orkney incorporate sustainable sources like tidal, sunlight based, wind and wave powers (ECO). The number of inhabitants in Greenland, in 1000AD numbered at 500 individuals, which expanded with the resulting attack by the Innuit Vikings (Diamond). The number of inhabitants in Orkney, as indicated by 2011 measurements, is numbered at 19,590 individuals (True

Monday, July 27, 2020

Top Ten Reasons Im Thankful for Thanksgiving

Top Ten Reasons I’m Thankful for Thanksgiving 10. I wont have to think about the Crystal Field Theory Which is unfortunately what we happen to be learning about in my 5.112 (Principles of Chemistry) class at the moment. Luckily, my TA is awesome, and he was perfectly willing to spend an hour of his time today explaining it all to me so now, I understand it in a kind-of-not-really sort of way. How I wish I were like my friend in high school, who would fall asleep on her history book and wake up knowing everything. 9. I get to eat real food!!! Food is rather prominent in my thoughts right now, seeing as how I endured eight excruciatingly-foodless hours today while I migrated from one class to another. My Tuesdays are pretty intense: Physics 9 to 11, HASS 11 to 12, Yoga 12 to 1, Calc 1 to 2, Chem Recitation 2 to 3, Calc Office Hours 3 to 4, Seminar 4 to 5:15. Um. Painful. 8. Ill have time to watch TV. This is a big deal, guys. Be excited for me. 7. I can make fun of Aditya 13, Swetha 13, and Pooja 13. Why? Because they have a physics project that theyre going to be working on all through break. Do I have a physics project too? Not at all :) Im spending all of Thanksgiving with these three; Im going to exhaust the gloating powers within me. 6. I can sleep as much as I want. Ive been pretty good about getting a suitable amount of sleep each night, but Im definitely not going to complain if a few more hours come my way on a daily basis. I have this uneasy feeling that finals are going to seem a lot closer on the other side of Thanksgiving; a couple sleepless nights in the near future are largely expected. And dreaded. 5. I can do laundry. Im notoriously awful at doing my laundry on a regular basis. I basically wait until Ive run out of towels and cant possibly take a shower till I wash my clothes. I am proud to tell you that I have never sacrificed a shower simply because I dont have towels. Cleanliness is next to Godliness. 4. I can catch up on reading! I love novels so much so that when I filled out the What do you like to do for fun? portion of my MIT application last year, I wrote about how essential reading was to my existence. I proceeded to write about this interest of mine in several other college essays. Sadly, I havent had much time to read for pleasure these past few months. Highest on my To-Read List: The Last Lecture, by Randy Pausch. Its reputedly amazing. 3. My physics professor is going to re-grade my first two tests over the break And give me points back :) 2. I have time to thoroughly research autism for my HASS paper. For my HASS class (Disease and Society in America), we get to pick any topic (course-related, of course) we want and write about it. Ive chosen to write about the history of autism, along with the controversy surrounding the whole idea that vaccines somehow cause autism (false, by the way!). Im actually really excited about this paper because I get to write about something Im genuinely interested in and is rather visible in society. For the first time in my life, writing a paper might actually be fun. But the number one reason Im thankful for Thanksgiving: 1. Because I get a BREAAAAAAAKKKKKKKKKKKK!!!!

Friday, May 22, 2020

Fear A Positive Or Negative Fear - 1238 Words

Fear; whether looked at as a positive or negative fear is undoubtedly a driving force for action. To fight or fly past this strange and sometimes crippling emotion can be challenge. It will never leave the back of your mind unless you take action. I was in fourth grade at the time my Grandfather was struggling with dialysis. I remember walking into the room where he received treatment and being scared to the point of tears of the sickly, pale and disable people also in the room. I knew my grandfather was there but it just did not seem like it was the real him as he was one of the faces I was scared of the most. Shortly after his passing the choir took at trip to sing at a nursing home. As I walked in I was immediately panicked to the†¦show more content†¦The part I was most fearful of. As they entered with their nurses one by one the fear subsided. My confidence rose as I had a greater self concept (Hybels, S., Weaver, R. L. . Communicating effectively. Pg. 34) of myself, I knew that I go do it from this point on.(Hybels, S., Weaver, R. L. . Communicating effectively. Pg 32) The initial anxiety had surpassed and I was able to communicate with the clients. I started listening (Hybels, S., Weaver, R. L. 2015. Communicating effectively. Pg. 122) to the stories they were telling me as we were doing the activity. Yes most of them were very boring and did not make too much sense but I was still active listening and being as responsive as possible. I utilized verbal communication (Hybels, S., Weaver, R. L. 2015. Communicating effectively. Pg.58) skills such as speaking in a calm and welcoming tone, sounding excited to be there and really giving my personal opinions on subjects and not dismissing the elderly like most of the employees there do. I used a mix of Informative listening( Hybels, S., Weaver, R. L. 2015. Communicating effectively. Pg.141) where I attempted to understand more about their early life and Empathic listening (Hybels, S., Weave r, R. L. 2015. Communicating effectively. Pg.142) by trying to connect with them on an emotional level and really committing myself fully to the conversation. I soon realized I was experiencing Cultural Listening(Hybels, S., Weaver, R. L. 2015.Show MoreRelatedThe Most Common Fear Children Have Growing Up1241 Words   |  5 Pageswhen home alone. Those are common fears that children have growing up. What is fear? Does everyone have fear? Does fear control one’s life? Can fear be controlled? Fear is something everyone experiences in life. Fear is a part of life. According to the Oxford Dictionary, â€Å"fear is an unpleasant emotion triggered by the belief that someone or something is dangerous, likely to cause pain, or a threat†. Fear is experienced by everyone, and it is an unavoidable emotion. Fear can be overwhelming, especiallyRead MoreFear Is More Powerful Than Reason1251 Words   |  6 Pagesdominant side. Negative feelings like fear, hostility, and distress a re also constantly present and the media further accentuates it. It can be said that negativity drives our actions and influences the decisions we make. Journalist, Sharon Begley, explains that fear is more powerful than reason and that humans have a natural defense mechanism to avoid situations that make you afraid. Politicians actively employ negativity into their campaigns and consequently have higher chances of winning. Fear is a powerfulRead MoreDog Phobia Case Study1741 Words   |  7 Pages Dog Phobia Case Study A phobia is an â€Å"irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that leads to a compelling desire to avoid the subject of the phobia† (Ankrom, 2009 pg.325). Phobias are a type of anxiety disorder that may leave an individual with a strong irrational fear of something that poses very little or no danger to the individual. Phobias, to the individual may cause physical symptoms such as panic, fear, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, trembling, or a strongRead MorePower of Fear848 Words   |  4 PagesPOWER OF FEAR What is fear? Fear is an unpleasant and often strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger.Fear is completely natural and helps people to recognize and respond to dangerous situations and threats. Fear may be a threat to our success. Once you have fear on a certain thing, then you would think not to do it. Sometimes if opportunity comes and we think of the consequences, most of the opinions we have in our mind are negative and we then decide not to do itRead Moreto an athlete dying young959 Words   |  4 Pageshas fears, whether it is growing up, or even a simple circus clown. For others, their fears might be as common as public speaking, failing a test, or not achieving a specific job. There is only one fear, which no matter how hard society tries is unavoidable: dying young. However, Housman explores the idea that dying young is not always negative. In A. E. Housman’s poem, â€Å"To An Athlete Dying Young,† he addresses this very common, fear in human nature. The unescapable outcome of death, as a fear, isRead MoreBehavior Modification Plan for Public Speaking850 Words   |  3 Pagesdisadvantage. He has an acute fear of public speaking. If speaking to m ore than a couple people at one time he will freeze up and his fight or flight response will kick in. This behavior is consistent each time he attempts to speak in front of a large group of people. The fear became apparent in high school during a student government debate. The fear was initially only connected to an entire auditorium, but slowly progressed to mid-sized groups by the time finished college. This fear could ruin his careerRead MoreDefinition Of Behavior Modification : The Field Of Psychologyconcerned With Analyzing And Modifying Human Behavior Essay1405 Words   |  6 Pagesexcessive and irrational fear reaction. If you have a phobia, you may experience a deep sense of dread or panic when you encounter the source of your fear. The fear can be of a certain place, situation, or object. Unlike general anxiety disorders, a phobia is usually connected to something specific.The impact of a phobia can range from annoying to severely disabling. People with phobias often rea lize their fear is irrational, but they’re unable to do anything about it. Such fears caninterfere with yourRead MoreIs Natural Talent More Superior Than Hard Work? Essay1579 Words   |  7 Pageselse around them is becoming successful the talented individual will not know how to use their talents to excel past the rest. (Campbell. 2014. Para. 5). These talented individuals seem likely to succeed but do not because they simply do not practice, fear failure and do not receive feedback. The saying practice makes perfect is an accurate statement when attempting to becoming successful. Malcolm Gladwell wrote an essay called How to Be a Success, in which he states that in order to be a successRead MoreThe Qualities Of Leadership And Self Examination1415 Words   |  6 Pagesleadership and self examination I believe I now know I am capable to lead. Leadership is a person that develops and continues to develop specific skills that create a positive influence over others, with an end goal of reciprocal love focused in unity to achieve set goals. Leadership is not the management of personal, it is creating positive influence that motivates followers.(Daft, 2015) Leaders diligently seek to understand themselves and those they are leading. Uncovering personal blind spots andRead MoreDefinition Of Behavior Modification : Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd ) Essay1336 Words   |  6 Pagesexcessive and irrational fear reaction. If you have a phobia, you may experience a deep sense of panic when you meet the source of your fear. The fear can be of a certain place, situation or object. Phobia is unlike general anxiety disorders it is usually connected to something specific. The impact of a phobia can range from annoying to severely crippling. People with phobias often realize their fear is irrational, but they’re unable to do anything about it. Such fears can interfere with your work

Friday, May 8, 2020

The Stolen Generations By Ashley Condon - 1013 Words

Stolen Generations Speech- Ashley Condon The Stolen Generations is a term that is well known by nearly every Australian Nationwide. They were the Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders that we forcibly removed from their families whilst still children. The removals of these children occurred between 1909 and 1969. It is unknown how many suffered this but it is estimated to be around 100,000. The children were generally taken by Australian government officials or State and territory authorities as well as police men or other agents of the state. They had enough power to remove and then locate these children to other non-indigenous homes, communities or places like institutions or camps. Such institutions existed in places like Moore River Native Settlement in Western Australia, Doomadgee Aboriginal Mission in Queensland, Ebenezer Mission in Victoria and Wellington Valley Mission in New South Wales. Aboriginal children were targeted because the Australian public and governments believed that they were disadvantaged, at risk in their homes and communities, they need a better education or a better family. They were being removed to be brought up in a white Australian family therefore adopting their habits and values. They wanted to limit the amount of children being neglected by their parents as well as those being affected by malnourishment because of their parent’s poor wages. This was known as racial assimilation, meaning they had the right to live as members of a single

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Why did Charles V Abdicate Free Essays

After a nearly forty year rule over an empire of unprecedented size and complexity, Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire abdicated his throne in 1555-6. His rein saw much adversity yet he had great success and during his rein, the empire grew and prospered. However, a series of political, militaristic and health problems culminated in Charles’s retirement. We will write a custom essay sample on Why did Charles V Abdicate? or any similar topic only for you Order Now To explore these problems and to fully comprehend why Charles relinquished his power is the topic of this essay. By and large, Charles V was the most powerful leader in Europe during his rein (Cavendish 2006). His realm was described as â€Å"an empire which the sun never set on† and it encompassed about 1,500,000 square miles. A Habsburg in his teens, in 1516 he inherited Spain, which had been unified by his grandparents Isabella and Ferdinand. In 1519 he succeeded his paternal grandfather Maximilian I as Holy Roman Emperor (Cavendish 2006). He was Duke of Burgundy and Archduke of Austria and he also ruled the Netherlands, Bohemia, Hungary, Naples, Sicily and Sardinia. Ruling Spain meant ruling Spanish America and in Charles’s time Cortes took Mexico and Pizarro conquered Peru (Cavendish 2006). The wealth of Spain paid for his efforts to control Western Europe. Despite sizeable incomes from parts of the empire, Charles’s rein encountered monetary difficulties attributing to military defeats. Encircled by the Holy Roman Empire, France existed as the empires great rival and had three major conflicts with the Holy Roman Empire during Charles’s rein. The first began in 1521 against Charles’s nemesis Francis I of France and was highly successful, driving the French out of Milan and defeating and capturing Francis at the Battle of Pavia in 1525. There were three later conflicts where the outcome was less conclusive and France acted as a constant oppose to the empire. Another great rival of Charles’s were the Ottomans, who put pressure of the Holy Roman Empire’s Hungarian border and from piracy in the Mediterranean, especially in the 1530s. The predominately Islamic Ottoman Empire had a longstanding feud with the H. R. E. who was seen as the defender of Christendom (Claydon 2009). Charles the V is among the many rulers since ancient times who desired to create a neo-roman empire and as a Catholic, Charles hoped to unite all of Europe in a Christian empire of which he would be ruler. Unsurprisingly, the notion was met with fierce opposition. Not only did the French and the English prove resistant to the idea, but in 1517 Martin Luther nailed his theses to the church door at Wittenberg: Charles’s ambitions deteriorated on the Protestant Reformation. Not only a factor for political defeat, his staunch religious belief also be attributed to his decision to abdicate. When something went right he attributed it to God, his failure to unite Europe made Charles V feel unworthy and that God must surely want another ruler to extend the empire and destroy Protestantism and Islam. In addition to the great stress of battling a multitude of enemies, Charles had to bear loyalty problems from within the Holy Roman Empire. In 1520, the Comuneros in Castile demanded lower taxes, an end to Burgandian dominion of Castile. They would have preferred Charles’s mum, Joanna the Mad to rule (Claydon 2009). Charles’s brother Ferdinand, archduke of Austria and king of Bohemia and Hungary placed higher priority on defeating the Ottomans than on France and getting rid of Protestantism which were Charles’s goals. Charles failed to control Germany and the Princes saw Ferdinand as their actual ruler (Claydon 2009). In 1529, the Diet of Speyer saw the Lutheran princes protest Charles’s catholic policy in direct defiance of the empire. The princes of Germany also largely adopted protestantism which Charles abhorred and considered heresy. Another factor for his abdication is that by the 1550s that Protestantism in Germany would have to be tolerated. The Holy Roman Empire saw major finance problems during Charles’s rein. The cost of training and maintaining the armies of the H. R. E. were vast and Charles struggled to find the money (Claydon 2009). Charles had to cancel a successful campaign against France where victory was near due to funding problems. A large portion of the empire’s income was through taxes but in certain areas people highly resented taxes due to feelings of localism, for example, the Spanish resented paying for Charles’s efforts on the other side of Europe whilst the German states saw Charles as a ‘foreigner’ and resented his rule over them and considered their own Princes as supreme (Claydon 2009). A similar situation existed in Burgundy where the Flanders estates rejected a 1534 plan to be organised into an imperial ‘circle’ to provide regular taxes and troops. Also, Charles’s claim of Italy was not profitable because Italy was financially dependant and contributed little to the empire monetarily (Claydon 2009). After a series of unfortunate militaristic failures and chronic finance and loyalty problems, in about his mid-forties, Charles was afflicted by severe health issues, most notably agonising gout, as well as epilepsy and chronic indigestion which was caused by his Hapsburg jaw, a condition where the jaw is deformed and creates difficulty eating. It was common to his family line due to aristocratic inbreeding. Tests have been conducted on a finger of Charles’s (which was preserved separately from his body) by researchers at the University of Barcelona who have concluded that severe gout was the main cause of Charles’s abdication (Emery 2006). They concluded that anyone with a condition that severe could not work. Historically, gout is seen as a ailment of the very wealthy due to food that increase risk are red meat. Such lavish food was not available in great quanities to people of medium to little wealth. He suffered from a particular severe gout and many scholars think Charles V decided to abdicate after a gout attack in 1552 forced him to postpone an attempt to recapture the city of Metz, where he was later defeated. This incident appears to have acted as the straw that broke the camel’s back in Charles’s decision to exit power. By now, Charles faced a great variety of tribulations. The implications from Charles’s failed was efforts, money and loyalty problems suggest he lacked full control of his empire. He felt that if God wanted him as ruler, he would have had an easier time. Overall, despite numerous reasons that probably influenced his decision, like failed military efforts, loyalty issues and his unwillingness to tolerate Protestantism in the empire, Charles’s health afflictions causing increasing inability to meets the demands of being Emperor, appears to be the key factor in his abdication. His epilepsy, gout and chronic indigestion (caused by his Habsburg jaw) surely made an already stressful and life dominating role of ruling a vast empire overwhelming and the various problems he faced culminated in his abdication. Despite being only fifty-eight at the time of his death, Charles must have appeared a frail and crippled old man who could barely walk (in his later years, he was carried around in a sedan chair) or use his hands (Emery 2006). Not a desirable public image for a mighty Emperor. Peaceful retirement to holy surroundings must have seemed a welcome change to a life of constant travel, warfare and turmoil. Charles V’s abdication has been interpreted differently. While many condemned it an unsuccessful man’s admission of failure and escape from the world, contemporaries of the time thought differently. There is evidence that Charles himself had been considering the idea even in his prime. In 1532 his secretary, Alfonso de Valdes, suggested to him the thought that a ruler who was incapable of preserving the peace and, indeed, who had to consider himself an obstacle to its establishment was obliged to retire from affairs of state. Upon the finalisation of the abdication, St. Ignatius of Loyola had this to say: â€Å"The emperor gave a rare example to his successors . . . he proved himself to be a true Christian prince . . may the Lord in all His goodness now grant the emperor freedom. † By today’s standards, Charles’s abdication would be nothing extraordinary considering his ailments and the stressful job requirements of emperor. Charles abdicated as Emperor in 1556 in favour of his brother Ferdinand; however, due to lengthy debate and bureaucratic procedure, the Imperial Diet did not accept the abdication (and thus make it legally valid) until May 3, 1558. Up to that date, Charles continued to use the title of Emperor. Charles gave Burgundy, Spain and the American colonies to his son Philip II. He retired to the Monastery of Yuste, near Cuacos de Yuste. The monastery was expanded in 1556 to make room for the emperor and the fifty to sixty members of his entourage. Charles was occasionally visited by notable people, including his illegitimate son Don Juan de Austria, as well as his heir Philip II of Spain. Like many former men of power in history, Charles was deeply interested in politics and was routinely posted on the news of the empire in his retirement. Probably hoping for news that his successors had created a miraculous Christian unification of Europe! He lived his few remaining months on earth amid works of art, of which he had a keen appreciation (Titian was his favourite painter), amid the books which, as a cultured man, he studied and took pleasure in enjoying the music (Knight 2009). His health afflictions worsened and he died of malaria on September 21, 1558 (de Zulueta 2007, 107-9). He was buried in the monastery church, though his remains were transferred twenty-six years later to San Lorenzo del Escorial. How to cite Why did Charles V Abdicate?, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Justification Byfaith Essays - Lutheran Theology, Methodism

Justification Byfaith In verse 15, Paul writes, We who are Jews by birth and not 'Gentile sinners Paul seems to be telling his gentile reader that the Torah has no bearing on their salvation. I feel that he purposely or inadvertently gives the law merit more merit than intended by suggesting that Jews are not sinners because they received the law. He draws a distinction between himself and the gentile sinners yet he is telling his audience that the ways, some of which are still a part of his own way of life, are irrelevant. He seems to almost make a separation of culture and religion. He seems to be saying that the rectitude of the Jews dates from birth, because the Jewish religion is a part of their culture. Peter claims to live up to the requirements of the Law. He had circumcision, the covenant, the promises, the apostleship. But in spite of his advantages as a Jew he still lets readers know that the law alone cannot save them. Verse 16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ. this is one of the clearest definitions in Scripture regarding the way in which we can become justified. Here in Galatians 2:16, justification deals with the fact that we cannot be justifiedor given good standing before Godthrough our obedience to the Law of Moses. According to Paul, it must be given to us by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ. Verse 16 Even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by faith in Christ, and not by doing the works of the law, because no one will be justified by doing the works of the law. The later part of verse 16 shows how much Paul has dedicated his work to the concept of justification by faith. Some would say that the reason for his adamant insistance of faith in Christ is related to his vision on the way to Damascus. It was such an incredible experience that he felt that every one needed to know that it was by faith alone that they could be justified. As a devout Jew he had followed the Law his entire life and felt it important that people know that in spite of his doing all the works of the Torah he was not justified before his vision. Verse 17. But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners; is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. Some critics of this passage would argue that there are two sets of behavior standards given for Christian and Jews. In order to obtain salvation in Jewish faith one must follow the rule of like and ceremony. In order that a Christian obtain salvation they must only believe in Christ. Some were worried that this new religion would be saturated by people who wanted to commit acts against the law and still be saved because they professed to believe in Christ. The concept of grace and mercy was a foreign one and harsh judgment was a reality of the day. The other part of this verse was, is Christ a master of sin? Paul knew that some would argue that if all Christian had to do was believe that Christ must be a proponent of sin because he didnt threaten any penalty comparable to that of the old testament. Paul inserted that Christ was certainly not a master of sin. The Martin Luther commentary of Galatians states All who say that faith alone in Christ does not justify a person, convert Christ into a minister of sin, a teacher of the Law, and a cruel tyrant who requires the impossible. All merit-seekers take Christ for a new lawgiver. Martin Luther is saying that if Christ had required more than belief he would be a Minister of sin because that much pressure on people is cruelty. He also wrote in is commentary; The Law drives us away from God, but Christ reconciles God unto us, for He is the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sins of the world. Now if the sin of